Types of Fertility Treatments Followed Globally

Getting pregnant, the natural activity in the past, has become a serious and difficult thing for one in four couples of US. The artificial process followed in many activities of life, changing food habits, lifestyle away from nature, constant stress and tension – everything combined has pushed mankind to the present situation in which even the most natural thing has turned into a complex one.

Nowadays, in the advanced medical world, people can utilise the improvement in fertility treatments, the expansion in treatment options, skilful physicians and their latest techniques. The infertility field has improved a lot; and success rates in the past 10 years have tremendously increased.

Different fertility treatments

In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF): This is the most common and successful procedure that was introduced in 1978. It is based on ART, assisted reproductive technology, resulting in thousands of births so far. This is very much helpful for aged women and for those who have defective fallopian tubes. In addition, this is also effective for male infertility problems. In this process, a woman’s eggs are extracted, fertilized in the lab and then transferred into the woman’s uterus.

Infertility Testing: This process is used to determine whether the candidate is suitable for any one of the assisted reproductive technologies or not. This involves finding out the exact cause. The process contains testing uterine health, semen analysis, ovarian and fallopian tube health, endocrine and hormone health and overall body health.

Ovulation Induction: This treatment is related with problems experienced during the ovulation process. It can be anything from the production of eggs to releasing of the eggs.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): this is also known as artificial insemination. Here, sperm from the male is placed inside the uterus of the female directly. Pregnancy will occur when the sperm navigates its way up to the fallopian tubes and fertilize an egg. This process, though it seems simple at first, is really a difficult process. The natural hostility of the female reproductive system towards a sperm makes this process a complex one. Sometimes even after travelling far, a sperm may fail to find an egg. Obviously this is the major obstacle in becoming pregnant.

Blastocyst Transfer with IVF: This is the transfer of highly developed embryo. They are fully functional and the most viable. This process has increased the success rate and has reduced the chances of multiple pregnancies.

ICSI with IVF: ICSI refers to intracytoplasmic sperm injection and is related with male infertility. This is injected when the sperm count is very low or when the semen quality is poor. Here, a single selected sperm cell is injected directly into the egg sperm cell. The entire procedure is done on a microscopic scale. More than 50% to 80% of eggs are being fertilized successfully in this manner.